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Everything you need to know about Cucumber Farming in India

General Information

Botanical Name of Cucumber: Cucumis sativus

Family: Cucurbitaceae

Cucumber plants are large in size, triangular in shape, have hairy leaves and yellow flowers. Cucumbers contain 96% water and are rich sources of Vitamin K and Molybdenum (Mb) used to cure kidney, and heart problems. Cucumbers are rich in beneficial antioxidants that may reduce the risk of such fatal conditions. Cucumbers are also known for potentially aiding weight loss since they are low in calories and have high water content. Cucumbers , apart from being nourishing veggies, can boost the health of your skin in a variety of ways. Cucumbers can help improve the overall texture, tone and appearance of your skin. There are so many cucumber varieties in India available so eat cucumbers and be healthy.

Cukes are popular crunchy, cool, and refreshing summer treats that nearly everyone loves and add flavor to salads, sandwiches and side dishes.

Cucumbers were developed by early farmers in India around 3000 years ago and are one of our most ancient vegetables. Since then, the farmers in our country have maintained a high level of farming the cucumber crop and have made India the largest exporter of Cucumber. In order to celebrate their hard work and to commemorate the farmers of our country for their contribution to our economy, Kisan Diwas is celebrated on 23rd December every year. 

Suitable Climate and Soil for Cucumber Farming

It’s a warm-season crop and is very sensitive to frost. The cucumber season in India ranges from January to April . Cucumber seeds grow best at a temperature between 25-35°C with an average rainfall of 20-30 cm.

Soil plays an important role in germinating the seeds. It is best to sow cucumber seeds in soils that are rich in organic matter and have a good drainage system (loamy soils).


Cucumbers are easy to grow indoors with direct seeding in the soil. Push two or three cucumber seeds an inch into the soil, spacing the plantings 18 to 36 inches apart from each other. Cucumber planting  requires the seeds to germinate and to be in the right environment. One must have basic tools for the garden to make the plantation process easy

If you are wondering where to get high-yielding types of cucumber seeds such as Poinsette seeds, Hybrid Thai Green seeds, Hybrid Bella seeds and many more, then visit Urja Seeds. 


Cucumber plants require a lot of care during the growth stage. They need to be fed lots of water and rich compost or a good water-soluble fertilizer. You can expect a bountiful harvest only if you provide the lovelies with utmost care.


Fruits must be picked when tender and young and while the seeds inside the fruit are still soft. It is best to pick the cucumbers before the change in color from green to yellow.

About Urja Seeds

If one wants to purchase high-quality agricultural seeds online or if you have any related queries, do not hesitate to contact us. At Urja Seeds, we believe in #SowMoreGrowMore and our team is always at your disposal. We provide a variety of vegetable seeds, flower seeds, exotic seeds and micro green seeds online at best prices. Happy Growing! 


Q1: How to differentiate between different varieties of cucumber?

Ans: Garden cucumbers have a thick skin and the seeds of garden cucumbers are hardly visible. Kirby cucumbers have a bumpier skin in comparison to the other varieties and also their seeds are undetectable. You should Pay attention to the taste of the cucumber to understand the variety. Garden cucumbers have a mild taste but Kirby cucumbers are super crunchy.

Q2: When is the best month to grow cucumber in India?

Ans: In mild climates you can plant the cucumbers outdoors between April and June. whereas in warm climates, plant cucumbers as early as February or March and through July. Plant only after the soil and air temperatures are predictably above 65 degrees Fahrenheit. 

Q3: How long does it take for cucumbers to grow from seeds?

Ans: Cucumbers are generally ready to harvest in about 55 to 65 days from sowing. Make sure to harvest cucumbers as soon as they reach their mature size. Cucumbers when left on the vine past their maturity suppress the production of flowers and fruit.  

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