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Vegetable Farming in Himachal Pradesh

Introduction

Popularly known as the ‘Fruit Bowl of India’, Himachal Pradesh is also emerging as a ‘Natural Glass House’ in the production of vegetables. The hilly state is endowed with diverse agro-climatic conditions that offer a favorable environment for raising almost all types of vegetable crops and hence seeds are germinated successfully. 

The various steps included in the farming process of Himachal Pradesh’s fruits and vegetables are as follows: 

  • Crop Selection
  • Land Preparation
  • Seed Selection
  • Seed Sowing
  • Irrigation
  • Crop Growth
  • Fertilizing
  • Harvesting

Based on the statistics, the estimated vegetable farming area of Himachal Pradesh is over 90,000 hectares. Vegetable agriculture has a tremendous scope of growth in HP provided the area under vegetable cultivation especially exotic veggies is increased (eventually it will, records show), MIS is strengthened, rainwater  harnessed, and small-scale agro-based industries are introduced. 

Himachal Pradesh has been endowed with a wide range of agro climatic conditions due to which a large number of fruits are grown in Himachal Pradesh. Ranging from the foothills of Shivalik to High Alpine Zone, various vegetable crops are grown in the state depending upon the suitable climatic conditions. For your convenience and knowledge, Urja Seeds has compiled the data in a single table, shown below-

The list of main crops grown in Himachal Pradesh’s four agro climatic zones are as follows :

S.No.

Zone Description

Elevation Range (meters)

Rainfall (cms)

Suitable Vegetable Crops

1.

Low Hill and Valley areas near the plains

365-914

60-100

Tomato, Okra, French bean, Ginger, Brinjal, Cucumber, Pea, Onion

2.

Mid Hills (Sub Temperate)

915-1523

90-100

Tomato, Cucumber, Pea, Capsicum, Garlic, Potato, Cabbage, French bean, Cauliflower

3.

High Hills and Valleys in the interiors (Temperate)

1524-2742

90-100

Pea, Potato, Cauliflower, Turnip, Radish, French Bean, Cabbage, Carrot, Beet

4.

Cold and Dry Zone (Dry Temperate)

2743-3656

24-40

Potato, Cabbage, Pea, Temperate Onion, Hops

Vegetables Grown in Different Zones of Himachal Pradesh 

Apart from these vegetables and fruits, there are other food main crops in Himachal Pradesh like wheat, maize, rice, barley, seed potato, ginger, mushrooms, chicory seeds, hops, olives and fig. Soil plays an important role in germination of seeds so ensure soil in nutritious enough so seeds get desired nutrition required for high yield.

Vegetable farming in HP is not merely an occupation but a way of life that offers numerous benefits:

  • Generation of income sources to rural people
  • Generation of employment opportunities
  • Provision of nutritive foods in the form of vegetables
  • Development of permanent agriculture in the hilly areas 

About Urja Seeds

Do you know where most farmers get the best quality vegetable seeds and exotic seeds? Ah, you guessed that right – URJA SEEDS! Also, you will get a variety of micro green seeds and flower seeds too here at best prices. Urja Seeds is a one stop shop for all varieties of seeds online and that too of very good quality. Its very important to take care of seeds so you have best yield from them. Store the seeds properly as instructed and have a good yield.

FAQs

Q1: Which are the main vegetables grown in Himachal Pradesh?

Ans: Tomato, Cauliflower, Cabbage and Pea are the main Himachali Vegetables. Protected cultivation using greenhouse tunnels, planting on raised beds and integrated nutrient management and adoption of different hybrid varieties are some of  the common practices to grow vegetables in Himachal Pradesh.

Q2: What is the importance and scope of the vegetable seed industry in India?

Ans: Our Country is blessed with varied Agro climatic conditions, which can be exploited for taking up seed production of vegetables at any time of the year in some part of the country or the other. There can be a rapid development of private seed companies which will help bridge the existing gap between demand and supply in the country.

Also Read

Cucumber Farming in India


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