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Vegetable Farming in Himachal Pradesh

Popularly known as the ‘Fruit Bowl of India’, Himachal Pradesh is also emerging as a ‘Natural Glass House’ in the production of vegetables. The hilly state is endowed with diverse agro-climatic conditions that offer a favorable environment for raising almost all types of vegetable crops.

Ranging from the foothills of Shivalik to High Alpine Zone, various vegetable crops are grown in the state depending upon the suitable climatic conditions. For your convenience and knowledge, Urja Seeds has compiled the data in a single table, shown below-


Zone Description

Elevation Range (meters)

Rainfall (cms)

Suitable Vegetable Crops


Low Hill and Valley areas near the plains



Tomato, Okra, French bean, Ginger, Brinjal, Cucumber, Pea, Onion


Mid Hills (Sub Temperate)



Tomato, Cucumber, Pea, Capsicum, Garlic, Potato, Cabbage, French bean, Cauliflower


High Hills and Valleys in the interiors (Temperate)



Pea, Potato, Cauliflower, Turnip, Radish, French Bean, Cabbage, Carrot, Beet


Cold and Dry Zone (Dry Temperate)



Potato, Cabbage, Pea, Temperate Onion, Hops

Vegetables Grown in Different Zones of Himachal Pradesh

Based on the statistics, the estimated vegetable farming area of Himachal Pradesh is over 90,000 hectares. Vegetable farming has a tremendous scope of growth in HP provided the area under vegetable cultivation especially exotic veggies must be increased (eventually it will, records show), MIS should be strengthened, rainwater must be harnessed, and small-scale agro-based industries must be introduced.

Vegetable farming in HP is not merely an occupation but a way of life that offers numerous benefits:

  • Generation of income sources to rural people
  • Generation of employment opportunities
  • Provision of nutritive foods in the form of vegetables
  • Development of permanent agriculture in the hilly areas

And, do you know where do most farmers get the best quality vegetable seeds and exotic seeds? Ah, you guessed that right – URJA SEEDS!

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