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Bitter Gourd Farming in India

 

Botanical Name: Momordica charantia

Family: Cucurbitaceae

Bitter Gourd is a luscious, climbing vine with slightly fuzzy stems clothed with dark green leaves and yellow flowers. Popularly known as Karela, it possesses high nutritive and medicinal value. It is grown for its bitter tender fruits that are rich in vitamin A, B, C, and are a powerhouse of proteins and minerals.

Bitter Gourds consumed in any form boost your body’s immunity. And in times like today, when COVID-19 is once again on the surge, URJA Seeds is helping you sow and grow wellness. We offer high-yielding varieties of bitter gourd seeds such as Jhalri Supreme, F-1 Hybrid US 555, Green Long Special, F-1 Hybrid Pure Green, and more.

Here’s a quick guide to bitter gourd farming –

Sowing

It is best to plant the seeds using the dibbling method. In this, sowing is done with the help of a dibbler – a wooden or iron frame with pegs. The frame is pressed in the field and lifted, and then 1-2 seeds are dropped in the hole. But before this, ensure that the land is plowed well.

Bonus Urja Tips:

  • Seeds should be sown at a distance of 40-45 cm.
  • Seed depth should be between 2-3 cm.
  • Row distance must be between 200-250 cm.
  • Before sowing, soak the seeds in Boron for 24 hours.

Cultivation

First irrigation must be given after sowing, and thereafter the crop must be watered every 6-7 days. A total of 8-9 irrigations are required before harvesting.

Harvesting

The best time to pick the bitter gourds is almost after 12-16 weeks after plantation when the fruits are 4-6 inches long. However make sure to spray your crops with pesticides to avoid bitter gourd pests such as aphids, melon fruit fly, red pumpkin beetle.

We hope this was a good read. If you are up for planting bitter gourds, order the best quality seeds from Urja Seeds right away. Happy sowing!

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