Pests are quite common small animals that are found in almost all vegetables. These pests are quite small, may create a great mess on your farm and can destroy your crop. Well, these pests are now also found in beautiful chilis grown from little chili seeds, which can result in giving you a great disorder and diseases that will be harmful to your health. One must know how to protect the home garden in winters. Pest and diseases of chili come out with many unwanted problems that will affect harmfully to an individual.
Chilis are easy to grow in your home garden but be careful about the several types of chili plant diseases that a person may deal with. There are various types of diseases and a list of pests that are found in chili. Let's take a ride on it in the further article.
Chili Plant Pests
Chili plants have plenty of insects and there are many green chili plant diseases too. The Single species of pests are found at a time in the chili. Pests can't survive with other species in a single vegetable and so they live differently.
There are various kinds of chili plant pests. The list of them is given below.
1. Gram caterpillar: Helicoverpa Armigera
These are some of the most common pests that are found on chili plants. The description of their look is given below.
⦁ The eggs are of sphere shape and creamy white is the color.
⦁ The larva will show the color variation from greenish to brown from the initial stage itself
⦁ The pupa of this pest species is Brown in color, occurs in soil, leaf, pod, and crop debris
⦁ The Adult Female is a brownish yellow stout moth and the Male is light greenish in color with “V” shaped markings.
Symptoms of damage:
⦁ If there are early instar feeds on foliage, then your chili plant have Gram Caterpillar
⦁ If There's Grownup larvae mainly bore into the fruits then your chili plant have Gram Caterpillar
2. Spider Mites
These are other dangerous small pests, responsible for destroying your crop. They are mostly found on black pepper plants.
The Hot, dry conditions are often associated with the population build-up of spider mites. One female can lay up to 20 eggs per day and can live for 2 to 4 weeks, laying hundreds of eggs and hence making a complete dynasty of their own. Spider mites are quite small in size and vary in color. They lay small, spherical, initially transparent eggs.
Symptom Of Damage
⦁ If there are early instar feeds on foliage, then your chili plant has Gram Caterpillar
These are some of the most common pests and diseases of chili that are found on chili plants. They are quite unique in their structure.
Thrips are minute (mostly 1 mm long or less), slender insects that have fringed wings and unique body structures with asymmetrical mouthparts. They lay eggs after every month and thus form a big community. Thrips can cause over 20 viruses to a plant and thus you can suffer from the same.
Symptom Of Damage
⦁ If there are tiny black specks on leaves and buds, leaf stippling, then your chili plant has Thrips.
These three Pests are known as the most harmful for the chili plant. Apart from these, there are some more chili pests that can damage your crop and make you ill.
⦁ IPM for Chilli
⦁ Root-knot nematodes
⦁ Gram pod borer
⦁ Tobacco caterpillar
Chili Plant Diseases
Well, all chili pests leave various bacteria on the plant, hence the plant may suffer from bacterial leaf spots.
Bacterial leaf spot
Mainly, Leaves, fruits, and stems are affected by bacterial leaf spots, which is one of the most common chili plant diseases. Lesions on leaves start appearing in circular shapes and the plant ultimately suffers from water-soaked spots. Slowly, Spots become necrotic with brown centers and strange chlorotic borders. And then enlarged spots may develop straw-colored centers to form a complete whole. This may sometimes lead to the permanent loss of a complete plant.
So, this was the most common bacteria that a plant suffers from due to pests.
How To Get Rid Of Chili Pests and Diseases?
Chili pest and disease management becomes very important as this affects the yield. In order to get rid of these chili nursery diseases, all you need to do is make a basic spray at home itself. One must use proper gardening tools also that are very much essential right from sowing seeds to spraying off the pests .
This can be easily prepared from either fresh hot peppers or chili pepper powder. To make a basic chili spray, you have to mix a tablespoon of chili powder with four cups of water and several drops of mild liquid soap. This mixture can be used full-strength on the leaves of affected plants and thus it will make them pests free and free from chili nursery diseases
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1. Why is it important to remove pests?
It is important to remove pests because it can destroy your crop.
2. Which month is suitable for growing a Chili Plant in India?
Chilies can be grown both as Kharif and Rabi crops. Sowing months for these plants are May to June for the Kharif crop, September to October for Rabi crops.