Sowing vegetable seeds in February and March in the North East of India aligns with the onset of the pre-monsoon season. During this time, the weather is typically transitioning from winter to the pre-monsoon season, which offers favorable conditions for certain vegetables. Here are some vegetable seeds that you can consider sowing during this period in the North East of India:
Tomatoes (Hybrid and Cherry Varieties):
- Tomatoes can be started indoors in February and transplanted outdoors once the threat of frost has passed.
Capsicum (Bell Peppers):
- Like tomatoes, bell peppers can be started indoors in February and transplanted outdoors when the weather warms up.
- Sow brinjal seeds indoors in February for later transplanting. They prefer warm temperatures.
- Start cabbage seeds indoors in February, and you can transplant the seedlings into the garden once they are sturdy enough.
- Cauliflower seeds can be sown indoors in February, and the seedlings can be transplanted into the garden as the weather becomes milder.
- Broccoli can be started indoors in February and transplanted outdoors when the weather is cool.
- Lettuce is a cool-season crop and can be directly sown in the garden in February and March.
- Carrot seeds can be directly sown in the garden during this time. Ensure well-drained soil for best results.
- Radishes are quick-growing and can be directly sown in the garden. They prefer cool temperatures.
- Spinach is a leafy green that thrives in cooler weather. Directly sow the seeds in the garden in February and March.
- Peas are cool-season crops. Sow pea seeds directly in the garden during February and March.
- Coriander seeds can be directly sown in the garden. They prefer cooler temperatures for germination.
Remember to consider the specific microclimates within the North East of India, as there can be variations in temperature and weather conditions. Always check local weather forecasts and consider regional variations for the most accurate planting times. Additionally, providing proper care, irrigation, and protection against unexpected late frosts or heatwaves will contribute to successful vegetable cultivation.